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What Causes Heel Pain, Treatment and Care
Heel pain is in most cases caused by plantar fasciitis, heel pain is sometimes referred to as heel spur syndrome particularly when there is a spur, it is worth noting that heel pain can also be caused by a fracture, tendon problems, arthritis disease, or in rare situations by a cyst. Owing to numerous possible source of pain on the heel, it is good to have your heel pain examined by a reliable and experienced ankle surgeon for proper diagnoses, an experienced and skilled ankle surgeon is cable of identifying all potential possibilities and hence determining the source of your heel pain. Only a few people know about plantar fasciitis, it is swelling of the plantar fascia that link the heel to toes, the heel pain occurs when fascia is irritated and then inflamed leading to sharp, stabbing pain on the heel. This article provides you with some insights regarding causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and available non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis.
Faulty foot structure is the principle cause of plantar fasciitis, this common to people with flat feet, or unusual high-arched feet, or have problems with their arches when you wear non-supportive shoes on hard flat surfaces it put excessive pressure on the plantar fascia increasing possibilities of developing plantar fasciitis, this is witnessed in people whose task demands extended hours on the feet, and overweight people also expose an individual to pain on the heel.
Some main telltale signs of plantar fasciitis are pain from beneath the heel, and from the arch, the pain increases on standing and continues to worsen over time, the pain normally worsens on standing after sitting for a good number of hours, but the pain disappears after a small walk, the reason is that walking helps in stretching the plantar fascia.
Diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is arrived at after foot and ankle surgeon examines a patient foot and during the process rule out all other types of heel pain, however, before a final diagnosis is made the surgeon will first obtain your medical history, to pinpoint the type of heel pain a patient has, the doctor may use imaging diagnostic such as x-rays, there are some cases where patients with plantar fasciitis have been found to have heel spurs, this is a rare thing but it happens, in such case, the patient is diagnosed with plantar fasciitis or heel spur syndrome.
Non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis include stretching exercises especially those that target the calf muscles, stretching these muscles relieves the pain and fasten recovery time, avoiding walking barefoot is another strategy to prevent or manage plantar fasciitis, when you walk barefoot you put plantar fascia on unnecessary pressure, icing is another non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis, 20 minutes of icing few times a day minimizes inflammation that causes the pain, it is also important to limit your physical activities, wear supportive shoes especially those with good arch support, you can use medications such as oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).